Biblioteca Universidad Nebrija mOpac 2.3

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Migas de situación

Revista: International Organization

(23 Registros)

Opciones de resultados

Resultados

America and the trade regime [Recurso electrónico] /] : what went wrong? / Judith Goldstein and Robert Gulotty.

a b 210601s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121190 eng 2021 America and the trade regime [Recurso electrónico] /] : what went wrong? / Judith Goldstein and Robert Gulotty. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 554-556. Abstract: The era of American leadership in the multilateral trading regime has ended. This paper argues that this current antipathy to trade is unsurprising: support for US leadership of the regime has always rested on a precarious balance among domestic interests. To overcome a historic bias in favor of home market production, American leaders created incentives for exporters to organize while creating roadblocks for importcompeting firms and their employees. The dominance of the exporters’ voice had a significant influence on the policies the US pursued in the design and execution of the global trade regime. Most importantly, the absence of labor’s voice undermined the prospect for “embedded liberalism” and instead resulted in an anemic system of adjustment for job loss at home and limited support for worker interests within the regime. While policymakers’ decision to shift power away from potential “veto” groups may have been necessary for US leadership of the Liberal International Order, this institutional design undermined a robust response to the economic dislocation thought to be a result of globalization. The result was a fracturing of the coalition in support of American leadership in the GATT/WTO regime. United States Compensation Trade Negotiation International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 524-557 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 524-557 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240188&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

Asset revaluation and the existential politics of climate change [Recurso electrónico] /] / Jeff D. Colgan, Jessica F. Green and Thomas N. Hale.

a b 210602s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121216 eng 2021 Asset revaluation and the existential politics of climate change [Recurso electrónico] /] / Jeff D. Colgan, Jessica F. Green and Thomas N. Hale. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 606-609. Abstract: Whereas scholars have typically modeled climate change as a global collective action challenge, we offer a dynamic theory of climate politics based on the present and future revaluation of assets. Climate politics can be understood as a contest between owners of assets that accelerate climate change, such as fossil fuel plants, and owners of assets vulnerable to climate change, such as coastal property. To date, obstruction by “climate-forcing” asset holders has been a large barrier to effective climate policy. But as climate change and decarbonization policies proceed, holders of both climate-forcing and “climate-vulnerable” assets stand to lose some or even all of their assets' value over time, and with them, the basis of their political power. This dynamic contest between opposing interests is likely to intensify in many sites of political contestation, from the subnational to transnational levels. As it does so, climate politics will become increasingly existential, potentially reshaping political alignments within and across countries. Such shifts may further undermine the Liberal International Order (LIO); as countries develop pro-climate policies at different speeds and magnitudes, they will have incentives to diverge from existing arrangements over trade and economic integration. Asset revaluation Climate change Descarbonization Existential politics Liberal international order (LIO) Trade International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 586-610 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 586-610 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240186&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

Built on borders [Recurso electrónico] : tensions with the institution liberalism (thought It) left behind / Beth A. Simmons and Hein E. Goemans.

a b 210601s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121180 eng 2021 Built on borders [Recurso electrónico] : tensions with the institution liberalism (thought It) left behind / Beth A. Simmons and Hein E. Goemans. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 405-410. Abstract: The Liberal International Order is in crisis. While the symptoms are clear to many, the deep roots of this crisis remain obscured. We propose that the Liberal International Order is in tension with the older Sovereign Territorial Order, which is founded on territoriality and borders to create group identities, the territorial state, and the modern international system. The Liberal International Order, in contrast, privileges universality at the expense of groups and group rights. A recognition of this fundamental tension makes it possible to see that some crises that were thought to be unconnected have a common cause: the neglect of the coordinating power of borders. We sketch out new research agendas to show how this tension manifests itself in a broad range of phenomena of interest. International relations International organization Borders Territory Nation state Nationalism Identity Social geography Spatial identities Spatial preferences Territorial sovereignty Liberalism Liberal theory Democratic theory Liberal international order Border security Border hardening Populism International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 387-410 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 387-410 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240182&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

Challenges to the liberal order [Recurso electrónico] : reflections on International Organization / David A. Lake, Lisa L. Martin, and Thomas Risse.

a b 210531s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121169 eng 2021 Challenges to the liberal order [Recurso electrónico] : reflections on International Organization / David A. Lake, Lisa L. Martin, and Thomas Risse. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 252-257. Abstract: As International Organization commemorates its seventy-fifth anniversary, the Liberal International Order (LIO) that authors in this journal have long analyzed is under challenge, perhaps as never before. The articles in this issue explore the nature of these challenges by examining how the Westphalian order and the LIO have co-constituted one another over time; how both political and economic dynamics internal to the LIO threaten its core aspects; and how external threats combine with these internal dynamics to render the LIO more fragile than ever before. This introduction begins by defining and clarifying what is 'liberal,' 'international,' and 'orderly' about the LIO. It then discusses some central challenges to the LIO, illustrated by the contributors to this issue as well as other sources. Finally, we reflect on the analytical lessons we have learned—or should learn—as the study of the LIO, represented by scholarship in International Organization, has sometimes overlooked or marginalized dynamics that now appear central to the functioning, and dysfunction, of the order itself. International order Liberalism Populism China Climate change Multilateralism International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 225-257 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 225-257 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240191&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

The collapse of state power, the cluniac reform movement, and the origins of urban self-government in medieval Europe [Recurso electrónico] / Jonathan Stavnskær Doucette and Jørgen Møller.

a b 210308s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 119239 eng 2021 The collapse of state power, the cluniac reform movement, and the origins of urban self-government in medieval Europe [Recurso electrónico] / Jonathan Stavnskær Doucette and Jørgen Møller. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 221-223. Abstract: Several generations of scholarship have identified the medieval development of urban self-government as crucial for European patterns of state formation. However, extant theories, emphasizing structural factors such as initial endowments and warfare, do little to explain the initial emergence of institutions of urban selfgovernment before CE 1200 or why similar institutions did not emerge outside of Europe. We argue that a large-scale collapse of public authority in the ninth and tenth centuries allowed a bottom-up reform movement in West Francia (the Cluniac movement), directed by clergy but with popular backing, to push for ecclesiastical autonomy and asceticism in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. These social realignments, facilitated by new norms about ecclesiastical office holding, stimulated the urban associationalism that led to the initial emergence of autonomous town councils. Using a panel data set of 643 towns in the period between 800 and 1800, we show that medieval towns were substantially more likely to establish autonomous town councils in the period between 1000 and 1200 if they were situated in the vicinity of Cluniac monasteries. These findings are corroborated by regressions that use distance from Cluny—the movement’s place of origin—to instrument for proximity to Cluniac monasteries. State collapse Urban agglomeration Warfare Urban self-government Cluniac reforms Gregorian reforms Monasteries Bishops Medieval Europe International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 1, p. 204-223 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 1, p. 204-223 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=55430508&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

Contestations of the liberal international order [Recurso electrónico]: from liberal multilateralism to postnational liberalism / Tanja A. Börzel and Michael Zürn.

a b 210601s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121176 eng 2021 Contestations of the liberal international order [Recurso electrónico]: from liberal multilateralism to postnational liberalism / Tanja A. Börzel and Michael Zürn. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 303-305. Abstract: The 1990s saw a systemic shift from the liberal post–World War II international order of liberal multilateralism (LIO I) to a post–Cold War international order of postnational liberalism (LIO II). LIO II has not been only rule-based but has openly pursued a liberal social purpose with a significant amount of authority beyond the nation-state. While postnational liberal institutions helped increase overall well-being globally, they were criticized for using double standards and institutionalizing state inequality. We argue that these institutional features of the postnational LIO II led to legitimation problems, which explain both the current wave of contestations and the strategies chosen by different contestants. We develop our argument first by mapping the growing liberal intrusiveness of international institutions. Second, we demonstrate the increased level and variety of contestations in international security and international refugee law. We show that increased liberal intrusiveness has led to a variety of contestation strategies, the choice of which is affected by the preference of a contestant regarding postnational liberalism and its power within the contested institution. Liberal international order Liberal multilateralism Postnational liberalism Contestation United Nations Security Council Responsibility to protect International Criminal Court European Union International Refugee Law European migration crisis International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 282-305 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 282-305 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240180&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

The co-constitution of order [Recurso electrónico] / Marcos Tourinho.

a b 210531s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121170 eng 2021 The co-constitution of order [Recurso electrónico] / Marcos Tourinho. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 278-281. Abstract: The idea of liberal international order as a world order is understood to be constituted as a result of disproportionate Anglo-American influences. This is in line with much of international relations (IR) theory, which typically characterizes the emergence of order as resulting from the diffusion or imposition of norms and institutions from the world’s centers of power. This article argues otherwise, its premise being that the international order founded on sovereign equal nation-states was co-constituted as well by the influence of relatively weak actors through decentralized processes of contestation over core international norms. Drawing on international relations, history, and law, this article outlines a framework to interpret the actions and mechanisms by which supposedly weak actors shaped international order. It concisely traces the constitution of order as based on its fundamental norms and assesses the implications of the argument for the current crisis of liberal order, as well as IR theory more broadly, laying out a research agenda for the future. International order Norms Political contestation Counterhegemony Global IR International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 258-281 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 258-281 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240178&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

Domestic politics, China's rise, and the future of the liberal international order [Recurso electrónico] / Jessica Chen Weiss and Jeremy L. Wallace.

a b 210603s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121221 eng 2021 Domestic politics, China's rise, and the future of the liberal international order [Recurso electrónico] / Jessica Chen Weiss and Jeremy L. Wallace. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 659-663. Abstract: With the future of liberal internationalism in question, how will China’s growing power and influence reshape world politics? We argue that views of the Liberal International Order (LIO) as integrative and resilient have been too optimistic for two reasons. First, China’s ability to profit from within the system has shaken the domestic consensus in the United States on preserving the existing LIO. Second, features of Chinese Communist Party rule chafe against many of the fundamental principles of the LIO, but could coexist with a return to Westphalian principles and markets that are embedded in domestic systems of control. How, then, do authoritarian states like China pick and choose how to engage with key institutions and norms within the LIO? We propose a framework that highlights two domestic variables—centrality and heterogeneity—and their implications for China’s international behavior. We illustrate the framework with examples from China’s approach to climate change, trade and exchange rates, Internet governance, territorial sovereignty, arms control, and humanitarian intervention. Finally, we conclude by considering what alternative versions of international order might emerge as China’s influence grows. China Liberal international order Global governance Domestic politics Authoritarianism Sovereignty Taiwan Nationalism Climate Pollution Trade Exchange rates International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 635-664 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 635-664 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240194&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

Embedded liberalism in the digital era [Recurso electrónico] /] / Edward D. Mansfield and Nita Rudra.

a b 210602s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121210 eng 2021 Embedded liberalism in the digital era [Recurso electrónico] /] /Edward D. Mansfield and Nita Rudra. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 580-585. Abstract: In recent years, the volume and intensity of attacks on globalization have been steadily rising. It is frequently argued that the antiglobalization backlash stems from strains that have been placed on the compromise of embedded liberalism. We argue that existing research underemphasizes how technological change and the digital revolution have contributed to these strains. Global value chains facilitated by the digital revolution have linked technology in advanced industrial countries to lowcost labor in developing countries, precipitating distributional losses for low-skilled labor in the industrial world. Further, the digital revolution has led to regulatory challenges involving both capital and labor. We argue that, as a result, governments face both mounting opposition to globalization and heightened difficulty in supporting the programs and policies necessary to buffer the adverse domestic effects of globalization and maintain support for embedded liberalism. Embedded liberalism Digital revolution Global digital interdependence Global value chains Multinational corporations International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 558-585 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 558-585 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240190&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

The epistemological challenge of truth subversion to the liberal international order [Recurso electrónico] / Emanuel Adler and Alena Drieschova.

a b 210601s2021 gbrq||||r 0 ||eng d 121179 eng 2021 The epistemological challenge of truth subversion to the liberal international order [Recurso electrónico] / Emanuel Adler and Alena Drieschova. Este artículo se encuentra disponible en su edición electrónica. Su acceso electrónico es a través del enlace de 'Acceso al documento'. References: p. 383-386. Abstract: Truth-subversion practices, which populist leaders utilize for political domination, are a significant source of current pressure on the Liberal International Order (LIO). Truth-subversion practices include false speak (flagrant lying to subvert the concept of facts), double speak (intentional internal contradictions in speech to erode reason), and flooding (the emission of many messages into the public domain to create confusion). Aiming to destroy liberal truth ideals and practices, truth subversion weakens epistemological security; that is, the experience of orderliness and safety that results from people’s and institutions’ shared understandings of their common-sense reality. It privileges baseless claims over fact-based opinions, thus creating communities of the like-minded between which communication becomes impossible. Truth subversion challenges the LIO’s three key institutions: democracy, markets, and multilateralism. If truth-subversion practices prevail, societal polarization, inaccurate information, and emotional inflaming strain democracy and human rights protections. Markets that depend for their functioning on accurate information can falter, and multilateralism that relies on communication and reasoned consensus can decay. International relations (IR) scholarship has recognized knowledge production practices as a key feature underlying the LIO, but has not yet identified challenges to those practices as a threat for the LIO. We discuss what the discipline can do to alleviate its blind spots. Epistemic authority Epistemological security Liberal international order Populism Practices Truth subversion International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 359-386 International organization . -- 2021, v. 75, n. 2, p. 359-386 http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.nebrija.es/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eoah&AN=56240181&lang=es&site=ehost-live Acceso al documento

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